What is that, Morse code? That my friends is the cantor set. It is one of the examples of basic topology and one of the objects that highlight many of the non-intuitive aspects of infinities.
The most common construction is to take a line and remove the middle third. Next you remove the middle thirds of the two remaining segments. You keep removing the middles of every segment that is left. If you could continue for ever, you would be left with an infinite “dust” of disconnected points.
We can build one with two simple transforms. Just contract by 2/3rds at two different points and the attractor is a cantor set. The next images are going to be simple tweaks of the cantor set, and the fractal space will grow from there.